gold mining in south africa during colonial period

Indigenous Gold Mining in Southern Africa: A Review

During the gold rush years ofthe late 19th and early 20th centuries, colonial gold prospectors in southern Africa soon found that they had been preceded in their discoveries. Evidence for earlier, but largely forgotten, gold mining was evident especially in Zimbabwe. Despite memories of gold mining among some ofthe local people (Wallis 1946), a

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South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist ...

South Africa experienced a transformation between 1870, when the diamond rush to Kimberley began, and 1902, when the South African War ended. Midway between these dates, in 1886, the world’s largest goldfields were discovered on the Witwatersrand.

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Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

Diamond and gold discoveries played an important part in the growth of the early South African economy. A site northeast of Cape Town was discovered to have rich deposits of diamonds, and thousands of white and blacks rushed to the area of Kimberley in an attempt to profit from the discovery. The British later annexed the region of Griqualand West, an area which included the diamond fields. In 1868, the republic attempted to annex areas near newly discovered diamond fields, drawing protests from the nearby Briti

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Mining Capital and Colonialism in Africa

Youe: Mining Capital and Colonialism in Africa i8i the case of Edward Cade and Frederick Gordon in the Ashanti Gold Fields; Colin Newbury is sceptical in the case of Cecil Rhodes and De Beers in South Africa; and John Phillips is persuaded in the instance of Alfred Beatty in Central Africa, even though Beatty was an American citizen. Identifying these capitalists as "gentle

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Africa: Minerals and Mining - Geography

During the colonial period, Europeans eager to profit from Africa's mineral wealth made developing mining a priority. Since the 1950s and 1960s, when most African states won their independence from Europe, mining has remained an important but troubled part of the national economies.

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Gold Mining and Economic and Social Change in West Africa

in South Africa. West Africa has seen few deep shaft mines. One is the Obuasi Gold Mine in Ghana owned by AngloGold Asante. Given relatively limited mining exploration in the region, there remain possibilities for large strikes deep underground. Gold in West Africa through the medieval era to the present has come from only a handful

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Mining, Gold, and Silver - Atlantic History - Oxford ...

27/08/2018  West Africa’s fabled gold derived from alluvial deposits; men and women divided mining tasks in the agricultural off-season, turning over their yields to headmen and kings as tribute. Gold mines in colonial Spanish America and Brazil were also mostly of the streambed or alluvial variety and were typically staffed by enslaved Africans and their descendants. Silver mining, by contrast, was ...

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy MARCH 2004 65 Introduction The discovery of commercial quantities of gold in the former Transvaal of South Africa in 18961 came twenty years after the exploitation of diamonds in the northen Cape. Labour practices followed the existing migratory pattern for domestic and foreign labour in industry, a pattern which exists to ...

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South Africa in the 1900s (1900-1917) South African ...

The Mines and Works Act of 1911 was an importat factor leading to the formation of the South African Native National Congress in 1912, renamed the African National Congress in 1923. The Act legislated that Black workers could only be engaged as cheap semi-skilled labourers and effectively prohibited Black workers from seeking skilled work. For these so-called "unskilled" workers, the political

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Pre-colonial history of Southern Africa South African ...

In South Africa, scientists usually find australopithecine remains in breccias in dolomite. The majority were found through lime mining activities near Johannesburg (lime was used to process gold at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries), and most line mines here have exposed some breccias.

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South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist ...

South Africa - South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist intervention (1870–1902): South Africa experienced a transformation between 1870, when the diamond rush to Kimberley began, and 1902, when the South African War ended.

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Africa: Minerals and Mining - Geography

The Colonial Period. The fabled gold mines of south-central Africa lured Portuguese explorers into the continent's interior in the late 1400s and 1500s. But the Portuguese failed to establish any effective mining operations, and by the 1700s most European

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Free Article Limit Reached - The Northern Miner

Latest. June 11, 2021 Western Uranium Vanadium buys physical uranium; June 11, 2021 Gold Mountain speeds toward first production at Elk Gold in BC; June 11, 2021 Imperial drilling at Red Chris cuts 1.1 g/t gold, 1.1% copper; June 10, 2021 Diamonds Snapshot: Eight Canadian companies ready for discovery; June 10, 2021 Rough diamond pricing: Learn the lessons of history or history ...

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South Africa - Growth of the colonial economy Britannica

South Africa - South Africa - Growth of the colonial economy: From 1770 to 1870 the region became more fully integrated into the world capitalist economy. Trekboers, who were weakly controlled by the Dutch East India Company, advanced across the semidesert Karoo of the central Cape and collided with African agricultural peoples along a line running from the lower Vaal and middle Orange river ...

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy MARCH 2004 65 Introduction The discovery of commercial quantities of gold in the former Transvaal of South Africa in 18961 came twenty years after the exploitation of diamonds in the northen Cape. Labour practices followed the existing migratory pattern for domestic and foreign labour in industry, a pattern which exists to ...

More

Mining, Gold, and Silver - Atlantic History - Oxford ...

27/08/2018  West Africa’s fabled gold derived from alluvial deposits; men and women divided mining tasks in the agricultural off-season, turning over their yields to headmen and kings as tribute. Gold mines in colonial Spanish America and Brazil were also mostly of the streambed or alluvial variety and were typically staffed by enslaved Africans and their descendants. Silver mining, by contrast, was ...

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HISTORY NOTES-FORM THREE TOPIC 3: COLONIAL

17/02/2021  Mining was another area of colonial economic activity; among of their demands was obtaining minerals in Africans such as Gold. Examples of areas where mining economy was taking place were; South Africa. Kimberly -diamond discovered in 1867. Wit water- gold discovered in 1886. East Africa. Mwadui [Tanganyika] -diamond. Geita and Musoma – gold. Copper at Kimbe in Uganda. Central Africa ...

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Migration in Southern Africa

Migrants also worked in the colonial period in urban centres in construction, domestic service and industry. Table 2 shows that the South African mining industry recruited migrants from almost every other country in the region. After independence, most governments reassessed the question of labour migration to other countries. Some, such as Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia tried to prevent it ...

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Chinese control over African and global mining—past ...

22/07/2020  Although Africa has a mining and metallurgy tradition going far back, it was only with the diamond and gold rushes in southern Africa that Africa’s minerals resources came into focus (Yachir 1988). During the twentieth century, European and North American interests dominated African mining, with a short interlude of increased national control following independence and nationalisations in ...

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Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa – SELF STUDY

26/01/2020  Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa Dutch Colony: The first Europeans to settle in South Africa permanently were members of the Dutch East India Company who founded a colony at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. selfstudyhistory It remained

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy MARCH 2004 65 Introduction The discovery of commercial quantities of gold in the former Transvaal of South Africa in 18961 came twenty years after the exploitation of diamonds in the northen Cape. Labour practices followed the existing migratory pattern for domestic and foreign labour in industry, a pattern which exists to ...

More

Free Article Limit Reached - The Northern Miner

Latest. June 11, 2021 Western Uranium Vanadium buys physical uranium; June 11, 2021 Gold Mountain speeds toward first production at Elk Gold in BC; June 11, 2021 Imperial drilling at Red Chris cuts 1.1 g/t gold, 1.1% copper; June 10, 2021 Diamonds Snapshot: Eight Canadian companies ready for discovery; June 10, 2021 Rough diamond pricing: Learn the lessons of history or history ...

More

Mining, Gold, and Silver - Atlantic History - Oxford ...

27/08/2018  West Africa’s fabled gold derived from alluvial deposits; men and women divided mining tasks in the agricultural off-season, turning over their yields to headmen and kings as tribute. Gold mines in colonial Spanish America and Brazil were also mostly of the streambed or alluvial variety and were typically staffed by enslaved Africans and their descendants. Silver mining, by contrast, was ...

More

HISTORY NOTES-FORM THREE TOPIC 3: COLONIAL

17/02/2021  Mining was another area of colonial economic activity; among of their demands was obtaining minerals in Africans such as Gold. Examples of areas where mining economy was taking place were; South Africa. Kimberly -diamond discovered in 1867. Wit water- gold discovered in 1886. East Africa. Mwadui [Tanganyika] -diamond. Geita and Musoma – gold. Copper at Kimbe in Uganda. Central Africa ...

More

Historical background to South African migration Free ...

southern African region to the mining and industrial centres of South Africa. However, the discovery of diamonds and gold was not the beginning of labour migration in the region. By the time of the discovery and mining of diamonds in the Kimberley area in the late 1860s, a system of labour migration had already been established. Bapedi men, from Sekhukhuneland (which covers parts of Limpopo ...

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[PDF] Pre-colonial mining in southern Africa Semantic ...

This paper summarizes indigenous mining methods used to collect metal ores in pre-colonial southern Africa, south of 15i?½S. These methods, for the purposes of discussion, are divided into sections in order of increasing organizational complexity, from scavenging, which only required basic equipment and a relatively minimal division of labour, to underground mines, which necessitated complex ...

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Migration in Southern Africa

Migrants also worked in the colonial period in urban centres in construction, domestic service and industry. Table 2 shows that the South African mining industry recruited migrants from almost every other country in the region. After independence, most governments reassessed the question of labour migration to other countries. Some, such as Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia tried to prevent it ...

More

Chinese control over African and global mining—past ...

22/07/2020  Although Africa has a mining and metallurgy tradition going far back, it was only with the diamond and gold rushes in southern Africa that Africa’s minerals resources came into focus (Yachir 1988). During the twentieth century, European and North American interests dominated African mining, with a short interlude of increased national control following independence and nationalisations in ...

More

Settling in Motion: Nyasa Clandestine Migration through ...

into South Africa has never been a post-apartheid phenomenon. It is predated to the colonial period, more precisely, during the colonial labour migration from the 1890s onwards. This is when a burgeoning Rand economy in South Africa and quest for a second Rand in Southern

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Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa – SELF STUDY

26/01/2020  Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa Dutch Colony: The first Europeans to settle in South Africa permanently were members of the Dutch East India Company who founded a colony at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. selfstudyhistory It remained

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South Africa History - The Mineral Revolution

26/10/2012  Africans had mined gold for centuries at Mapungubwe (in South Africa, on the border with Zimbabwe) and later at the successor state of Great Zimbabwe,

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Free Article Limit Reached - The Northern Miner

Latest. June 11, 2021 Western Uranium Vanadium buys physical uranium; June 11, 2021 Gold Mountain speeds toward first production at Elk Gold in BC; June 11, 2021 Imperial drilling at Red Chris cuts 1.1 g/t gold, 1.1% copper; June 10, 2021 Diamonds Snapshot: Eight Canadian companies ready for discovery; June 10, 2021 Rough diamond pricing: Learn the lessons of history or history ...

More

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy MARCH 2004 65 Introduction The discovery of commercial quantities of gold in the former Transvaal of South Africa in 18961 came twenty years after the exploitation of diamonds in the northen Cape. Labour practices followed the existing migratory pattern for domestic and foreign labour in industry, a pattern which exists to ...

More

Mining, Gold, and Silver - Atlantic History - Oxford ...

27/08/2018  West Africa’s fabled gold derived from alluvial deposits; men and women divided mining tasks in the agricultural off-season, turning over their yields to headmen and kings as tribute. Gold mines in colonial Spanish America and Brazil were also mostly of the streambed or alluvial variety and were typically staffed by enslaved Africans and their descendants. Silver mining, by contrast, was ...

More

[PDF] Pre-colonial mining in southern Africa Semantic ...

This paper summarizes indigenous mining methods used to collect metal ores in pre-colonial southern Africa, south of 15i?½S. These methods, for the purposes of discussion, are divided into sections in order of increasing organizational complexity, from scavenging, which only required basic equipment and a relatively minimal division of labour, to underground mines, which necessitated complex ...

More

Chinese control over African and global mining—past ...

22/07/2020  Although Africa has a mining and metallurgy tradition going far back, it was only with the diamond and gold rushes in southern Africa that Africa’s minerals resources came into focus (Yachir 1988). During the twentieth century, European and North American interests dominated African mining, with a short interlude of increased national control following independence and nationalisations in ...

More

Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa – SELF STUDY

26/01/2020  Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa Dutch Colony: The first Europeans to settle in South Africa permanently were members of the Dutch East India Company who founded a colony at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. selfstudyhistory It remained

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Southern Africa before Colonial Times Oxford Research ...

Perspectives on southern Africa’s past in the eras before the establishment of European colonial rule have been heavily shaped by political conflicts rooted in South Africa’s history as a society of colonial settlement. The archive of available evidence—archaeological finds, recorded oral materials, and colonial documents—together with the concepts used to give them meaning are ...

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The Colonial and Post-Colonial Transformation of African ...

The paper then will examine the different roles of chiefs during the colonial and postcolonial systems. While Marxist and imperialist scholars differ on chiefs’ role during colonial rule, other scholars disagree about chiefs’ fortune in postcolonial Africa. The latter viewpoints are the “adaptive” and the “marginalized” schools. Overall, the paper studies the changes over time in ...

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The history of Zimbabwe: Cecil Rhodes and the colonial

The Portuguese tried to invade the central highlands several times but did not succeed, but it was Cecil Rhodes, a British politician and entrepreneur who, with his private army, succeeded in venturing into these lands in a later period with respect to the colonization of other African territories by the Europeans.

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